Al-Ozlam Castle: A famous tourist attractions in Duba
قلعة الأزلم أشهر المعالم السياحية في ضباء
03 FEB 2020
Source: Nadeen Al-Wazani
Al-Ozlam Castle is a fortress located 45 km south of the Duba province, in the Tabuk region of northern Saudi Arabia. Al-Ozlam Castle is one of the most famous tourist monuments in the "Red Sea Pearl" Duba, which is located on the western coast of the Red Sea. Duba is famous for being the port that connects Saudi Arabia with Egypt and Jordan. Many tourist destinations support tourism in Duba, including sandy beaches, valleys, mountains and historical monuments, the most important of which is Al-Ozlam Castle.
To attract tourists to Duba province, the General Authority for Tourism and National Heritage recently completed a project to restore the castle, which has high national importance, to tell its visitors stories about ancient times dating back to the 14th century AD since its establishment. It is now surrounded by a fence to become a unique tourist destination for heritage seekers.
It is one of the most important stations on the Egyptian pilgrimage route during the Mamluk era, as it was constructed during the era of Sultan Muhammad bin Qaloon, then it was rebuilt during the reign of the Mamluk Sultan Qansuh al-Ghuri in the year 916 AH. This castle is distinguished as being the only one preserving its shape since the Mamluk era in the Kingdom. Pilgrims and historians differ in the pronunciation of this castle, some of them call it “Al-Ozlam” and others call it “Al-Oznam.”
It consists of a patio surrounded by irregular rectangular rooms, semicircular rooms, a large courtyard, and a number of interior units. It also has four towers in the form of three-quarters of the circle. The castle is built of organized limestone with an area of 1500 square meters. The courtyard of the castle opens to all internal units inside the castle. The outer walls were built of carved stone foundations, inside it are holes for ventilation, observation, defense, and firing. It is worth noting that it was playing an important role as a supply center for armies to carry out the mission of protection and defense of the eastern coast of the Red Sea, and assisting the rest of the coastal castles to protect the Islamic lands. It was also an important place for resting travelers and pilgrims.