Articles/Exploring the maqaamaat of the Noble Qur’an

Exploring the maqaamaat of the Noble Qur’an

مقامات القرآن الكريم.. مزامير تنثر السكينة والخشوع

27 APR 2021

Source: Amal Bagazi

Reciting the Holy Qur’an has become a skill that is hard to master. When reading aloud from Islam’s single most important book, maqaamaat (melodic modes) are used. Those who specialize in this art have classified the maqaamaat according to their specific rhythms. The different methods were compiled by studying and listening to different recitals, similar to what Al-Khaleel ibn Ahmad Al-Faraaheedi did when classifying various types of poetry. There are several types of maqaamaat, as follows:

Maqaam Al-Hijaz (click here to listen)

This is a maqaam of Arabian origin, named after the Hijaz region. It is one of the most spiritual maqaams and among the most effective in helping one to focus on the recitation of the Holy Qur’an.

Maqaam Al-Bayyaat (click here to listen)

This maqaam evokes humility and monasticism. It focuses the heart and encourages one to ponder the verses of Allah and their meanings.

Maqaam Ar-Rast (click here to listen)

“Rast” is a Persian word meaning “steadfastness”. Specialists in maqaamaat prefer this maqaam when reciting verses that offer narratives or prescribe rulings.

Maqaam An-Nahaawand (click here)

This maqaam evokes emotions of compassion and gentleness and instils a sense of humility and reflection. Nahawand is an Iranian city after which this maqaam was named.

Maqaam Sikah (click here to listen)

This maqaam is distinguished by its slow and easy pace. It is mainly used while reciting Qur’anic parables.

Maqaam Saba (click here to listen)

This maqaam is very spiritual and powerful and evokes feelings of compassion.

Maqaam Ajam (click here to listen)

This is a maqaam that tends to be fluid while conveying compassion. At the same time, it is characterized by strength and clarity.

Maqam Al-Hazzam

Reciters use this maqaam to recite verses describing Paradise, especially since it aims to reach the core of the heart.

A professional reciter may use a variety of maqaamaat tailored to individual verses and their meanings.