Tayma a land of historical palaces and monuments
تيماء أرض القصور التاريخية ومنجم الآثار
02 NOV 2019
Source: Fatima Sidiya
Tayma is rich in historical and archaeological treasures, some dating back about 90,000 years. The area has witnessed several ancient civilizations over time. Tayma lies in the north west of Saudi Arabia, 265 kilometers southeast of Tabuk, and played a prominent role as an important trade center between Mesopotamia, the Levant and Egypt.
In addition to its geographical location, Tayma drew the attention of ancient rulers thanks to its soil fertility, abundance of water and mild climate. Historical research indicate that Tayma was home to civilizations from the Neolithic, Bronze Age and Iron Age and flourished to become one of the most important cities in northern Arabia. The region’s name was mentioned in Assyrian, Babylonian, Aramaic and Nabataean writings as well as those from Pharaonic civilizations and other different Islamic countries.
Places of historical interest include:
Tayma’s outer fence
This wall is the longest historic wall in the Arabian Peninsula. The wall surrounds Tayma on three sides and protected the area from raiders. The length of the fence is more than 10 kilometers, while the remaining sections are currently more than 10 meters high and around one to two meters wide. The fence, dating back to the sixth century BC, was built with stone in some parts and mudbrick in others.
According to historical documents, Hadaj well is the most well known in the ancient world, dating back to the middle of the sixth century BC. Over its history the well disappeared, but its features remained intact until it was restored nearly 400 years ago and returned to working order.
The palace of Al-Radm, which dates back to the Iron Age, is located west of Tayma. It is a square fortress that has a well of polished stones built in the middle of it, pillars in its corners and center and an exterior wall up to two meters wide. It dates back to the first millennium BC.
One of the other most famous palaces of Tayma is Alhamra Palace. Discovered in 1979, the palace is divided into three sections; the first section is a temple and the other two are for housing. Tayma includes other palaces such as Al-Abq Palace and Al-Bujairi Palace, the latter of which is the first Islamic palace discovered in Tayma dating from the Abbasid era.
Major archaeological discoveries
Archaeologists have discovered a 90,000-year-old human bone in Tayma, as well as fossils of various animals such as elephants, oryx, horses, foxes, crabs, fishes, reptiles, birds and extinct buffaloes. They also found many pottery and inscriptions from different ancient periods.