Articles/Thamudic inscriptions across the Kingdom

Thamudic inscriptions across the Kingdom

النقوش الثمودية بالسعودية تعكس مظاهر الحياة لأزمنة غابرة

11 MAR 2021

Source: Nesreen Omran

Thamudic inscriptions are prevalent  across Saudi Arabia. These inscriptions offer an insight into religious, social, and economic life during the ancient periods.


Thamudic inscriptions are believed to derive from the Musnad script. It is written in several dialects of ancient Southern Arabic commonly spoken in the Arabian Peninsula in the past. The prevalence of Thamudic inscriptions throughout the Kingdom indicates the fluency of reading and writing at that time.


The inscriptions found in Hail dates back at least 2,500 years. The province’s rock art sites, particularly Jabal Umm Sinman in Jubbah, were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2015.


In the Makkah province stands Mount Shamansir, known as Mount Salim, which features many Thamudic inscriptions and engraved rocks that serve as evidence of ancient lifestyles and rare animals.


Many rock drawings and Thamudic inscriptions can be found in the Al-Baha province, particularly the village of Khaira characterized by its dense forests and flowing waterfalls. An impregnable war fortress called Abbad whose foundations featured Thamudic drawings were discovered north of the village.


Thamudic and Musnad inscriptions and rock drawings can be found scattered across several archaeological sites in Najran such as the Hima wells, which stand as witness to historic civilizations that expanded due to booming trade at the beginning of the first millennium BC.